https://innovateuk.blog.gov.uk/2017/07/24/the-faraday-challenge-part-of-the-industrial-strategy-challenge-fund/

The Faraday Challenge – part of the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund

Future generations will be using vehicles, which have batteries as their primary source of energy.  They will be able to charge, travel, discharge to the grid and recharge at will.  There will need to be completely different business models developed around how energy is stored and used.

It is estimated that 50% of vehicle production by 2030 will be electric or plug-in hybrid electric.

Faraday Challenge – battery development for the electrification of vehicles

This week, Greg Clark announced that the Government, through its Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund,  is launching the Faraday Challengea £246m commitment over the next four years on battery development for the automotive electrification market opportunity.

  • A new ‘application-inspired’ research programme coordinated at national scale
  • An innovation programme to support collaborative research and development with co-investment from industry
  • A scale-up programme to allow companies of all sizes to rapidly move new battery technologies to market

The UK has world class expertise across a range of areas in battery science and has already built a significant number of research networks and pilot facilities upon which this challenge will build.

Compatible infrastructure and a unified transport and energy system are also critical to electric vehicle uptake. The recently launched £20 million Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) competition seeks to support this by funding projects which aid the interaction between electric vehicles and the grid, paving the way for widespread adoption of electric vehicles.

electric car charging

Research, innovation and scale up

This is a comprehensive research, innovation and scale up programme, focussed on batteries from their raw materials and electrochemistry to end of life treatment, encompassing:

  • cell manufacture
  • modules
  • battery pack design and assemblies
  • vehicle application

By any scale this is a game changing investment in the UK and will make people around the globe take notice of what the UK is preparing for in terms of electric vehicle introduction.

The movement from the internal combustion engine to an electric vehicle is transformative. It’s entirely different technology and at present an entirely different cost structure.  This poses both risks but also huge opportunities for the UK economy.

The programme will develop safe, cost effective, durable, lighter weight, high performing and recyclable batteries which will power the next generation of electric vehicles. This will involve businesses with a wide range of materials and manufacturing capabilities from across different sectors, creating a new supply chain to support battery production in the UK at scale.

Paving the way for driverless cars

Alongside this there is legislation moving through Parliament, the Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill, which will pave the way for autonomous and connected driverless cars.  The UK is at the forefront of legislative and regulatory change in order to enable this technology to be deployed in the UK which will be based on electric and Ultra Low Emission vehicles.

driverless cars

Battery benefits beyond automotive

Electric battery

Whilst clearly this Faraday Challenge will concentrate on batteries for electric vehicles it will have wider spillover benefits in how batteries could be applied in other environments:

  • rail
  • marine
  • aerospace
  • industrial
  • distributed energy
  • energy for the home
  • energy on the move

This programme will help the UK meet its climate change obligations and pollution reduction targets.

Learn more about the related funding competitions we're delivering:

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5 comments

  1. Comment by Michael Bond posted on

    I've just abandoned my plans to take up innovation funding because the process lacks real appeal to innovators, far too management-bureaucratic, so I'll be solving this issue independently on my own resources for the entire planet in the next couple of years. http://www.rumbler.co.uk

    Reply
  2. Comment by Trevor posted on

    “V2G is a system where plug-in electric vehicles, such as battery electric cars (BEV) and plug-in hybrids (PHEV), return electricity to the power grid (with consent from their users). This is usually in return for a financial reward or benefit” - you say

    Using 80% of the 100 kWh battery pack of a Tesla Model S (leaving the owner 20% charge in case they need to make an unplanned journey) and assuming the battery is charged for 3.3p per kWh, discharged for 6.6p per kWh with a DC-DC efficiency of 90% the “added-value” of the electricity stored is 0.9*80*0.066 – 80*0.033 = £2.11 per day

    How on earth would you incentivise owners to participate in this scheme without paying a ridiculous multiple of the actual value of electricity stored? Quite apart from the inconvenience of leaving the car plugged in for long periods of the day, you have to convince them a twice daily deep discharge (assuming they also get to drive the car!) will have little or no effect on the longevity of the battery pack (currently selling on e-bay for around £18,000)

    Reply
    • Replies to Trevor>

      Comment by Innovate UK admin posted on

      Hi Trevor,
      As cars are currently not utilised for 95% of the time, the opportunity for smart charging and energy exchange is there. This might be plugged in or may be wireless with technology developments

      In terms of the value back to owners, estimates are between £200-£2000 of value from exploiting the capacity of the battery through V2G. Our team have been talking through the opportunities documented by many studies at the briefing sessions
      https://www.gov.uk/government/news/electric-vehicle-to-grid-technologies-apply-for-business-funding

      Battery longevity is something we are keen to support being investigated. Recent University research (Warwick University) points to the fact this may actually help extend battery life.

      Reply
      • Replies to Innovate UK admin>

        Comment by Trevor posted on

        Thank you for clarifying the likely range of incentives to participants

        If you offer owners £2000 per year (£5.48 per day) you may get some takers. Yesterday, grid prices according to http://www.nordpoolspot.com/ varied between 3.3p/kWh and 6.4p/kWh averaging 4.1p/kWh. Assuming ALL the charging is at times of lowest demand (and therefore cost): 365 days * 80 kW-h * £0.033 = £964 plus £2000 to the Tesla S owner = £2964. The price back into the grid for 365 days * 72 kW-h = 26,280 kW-h works out 11.3p/kWh; a multiple of 2.7x the average grid price

        I seriously doubt anyone would join the scheme for £200 (55p per day)

        Reply

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